Shortness of Breath: Causes – Symptoms and Treatment

Shortness of breath or dyspnea is a condition in which a person does not get adequate air intake or when a person has difficulty breathing [1,8].

Shortness of breath itself is not a disease, but a sign according to several types of diseases, especially diseases related to the respiratory system and allergies.

Even shortness of breath can be a condition experienced by an impact according to body weight up to or physical exercise.Breath pressure or also called using the term dyspnea is a symptom condition of a number of health conditions and diseases in which a person experiences a lack of air so as difficult to breathe.Causes of Shortness of Breath

Some of these conditions he can be the cause of someone experiencing shortness of breath & very need to be wary.

Obesity can have an effect on lung function without being noticed by many people who experience it [1,two].

Therefore, shortness of breath is not uncommon as one of the signs felt because the air genre is hampered by fat buildup in the neck area.

In addition to shortness of breath, a person with obesity will experience several other complaints that accompany, namely:Wheezing or breathing soundsHeat inSnorePainKnee pain

Asthma is a chronic disease characterized by narrowing of the respiratory tract and inflammation as a result of which shortness of breath occurs to be its main symptom [1,3].

In addition to difficulty in breathing, some other signs that need to be known include:CoughWheezingPain in the chestDifficulty sleepingDizzyPractically tiredDifficulty eating and even talking due to shortness of breathThe heart rate is getting fasterNo more effective inhalers at reducing signsSymptoms worsen when physically active or when experiencing an allergic reaction

Asthma attacks are an indication of the time the signs of asthma are experiencing worsening and generally experienced by sufferers at approximately 6-24 hours.

Allergies are a condition related to the body’s immune system that produces reactions to substances or exclusive objects that are actually not harmful to the body.

If the immune system is supposed to release a reaction when a foreign object enters the body and is indeed dangerous, in allergies the immune system mistakenly uses certain harmful substances.

This also causes signs such as shortness of breath accompanied by using several other complaints depending on the trigger (allergen).

Generic signs of allergies other than shortness of breath include:CoughStomach acheDiarrheaVomitWhiningSneezeStuffy or watery noseItchy noseItchy skin &rednessEyelids, taste buds or lips swellWatery eyes, itchy &potentially rednessScaly skin, dry until cracked

Allergic reactions themselves can occur due to many factors, can be drugs, culinary, particles in the air, to insect bites.

Shortness of breath can also be a symptom of pregnancy, especially if the size of the uterus is enlarged due to fetal growth and development [five].

When the greater, the process of breathing is also disrupted where pregnant women will breathe more at once faster.

In addition, the factor of the hormone progesterone that gets higher during pregnancy can result in breathing centers in the brain stimulated.

Colds may seem mild at first glance, as they are characterized by mucus or snot that in a few days can definitely improve [6].

Some of the symptoms of colds that are commonly experienced by sufferers are:The body gets tired easily.A sore in the throatSneezingCoughingNasal congestion or persistent wateringFever

But in some problems, colds can also cause symptoms such as shortness of breath, especially when associated with allergies, exclusive drugs or infections in the sinuses.

Pulmonary embolism is a condition when the pulmonary blood vessels experience blockages that occur generally due to blood clots in the legs [1,7].

Because blood vessels are blocked, the genre of blood to lung tissue is also inhibited, this results in lung tissue that has damage or death.

Although shortness of breath is the primary signs, some other symptoms that need to be considered include:DizzyPhlegm coughBloody coughPain in the chestArrhythmiasPainCyanosisHyperbole sweatFaint

There are different types of heart disease &asphyxiation as a primary symptom in almost every type of condition [1,8].

Types of heart disease include:Heart valve diseaseCardiomyopathyArrhythmiasHeart infectionCongenital or congenital heart diseaseCoronary heart disease or coronary artery disease

Other signs that generally accompany shortness of breath and lead to heart problems are:Neck, arm and back painChest painDry cough does not improveChanges in heart rhythmGet tired quicklySwelling in the eye area, abdomen, arms &limbsCyanosisCold feet & handsFeeling for example about losing consciousness or almost fainting

8. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or often abbreviated as COPD is a condition of the lungs experiencing long-term inflammation [1,9].

Air flow from the lungs is not smooth due to the presence of mucus, sputum and swelling resulting in shortness of breath.

But in addition to shortness of breath, some signs pointing to COPD are:Chest painWheezingLimp bodyBreath can easily gasp during physical activityCoughing deep phlegm when worn outSwelling of the legs, legs, or anklesCyanosisWeight loss

Lung cancer is a condition when abnormally malignant cells appear and develop in the lungs [10].

In addition to shortness of breath as an error of one primary sign, other complaints that need to be known are:Chest pain at once in the bonesWeight loss drasticallyChronic cough does not healBloody cough

10. Hypotension / Low Blood Pressure

When blood pressure is below normal (< 90/60 mmHg) it is considered to use hypotension or low blood pressure [11].

Shortness of breath can be one of the symptoms, but also accompanied by other complaints such as:Limp bodyDizzyThe body loses balance.Decreased concentration powerBlurred visionNausea accompanied by vomitingFaint

Sinusitis is an inflammatory condition in the sinus wall and can cause shortness of breath although rare [12].

In addition to shortness of breath, some of the complaints that lead to sinusitis are:Fever & chairman’s painRunny nose (secretes greenish-yellow mucus)Stuffy noseSore throatDecreased olfactory functionPain in paras

Anemia is a condition of the body when the lack of healthy red blood cells or when red blood cell function is impaired [1,13].

This has an impact on the body that does not get adequate oxygen to function normally so that shortness of breath can occur.

In addition to shortness of breath, some complaints of less generic blood occur including:Get tired quicklyDizzyPale skinLimp bodyChest painFeet & hands feel coldMore often sleepy

Respiratory infections can occur due to viruses as well as bacteria.

This infection consists according to 2 types of conditions, upper respiratory tract infections and lower respiratory tract infections in which both are able to result in shortness of breath and some other signs such as [1,14]:WheezingHeadacheStuffy noseSneezeCoughFever

Carbon monoxide poisoning is a condition when a person inhales too much carbon monoxide gas as a result of which in the blood there is a spread of carbon monoxide [1,15].

Shortness of breath & some other symptoms below become the main complaints:Stomach acheNausea accompanied by vomitingDizzyTension headachesConfusionTired bodyChest painLoss of balance

Broken ribs can occur due to impact or injury in the chest, in addition to pain there are several other symptoms that can be experienced by sufferers [1,16].

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