30 Causes of Shortness of Breath Accompanied by Characteristics | HonestDocs

Published date: Feb 22, 2019Last update: Nov 10, 2020Review on June 13, 2019Read time: 8 min

Very strenuous exercise, extreme temperatures, massive obesity &high altitude are all capable of being the cause of shortness of breath in healthy people. Beyond this example, shortness of breath is likely a sign of a medical case.

Therefore, if you experience unexplained shortness of breath, especially coming suddenly and severely, see a doctor as soon as possible.

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Some cases of shortness of breath are caused by heart or lung conditions. Both of these organs are very important to supply oxygen to all organs of the body and remove carbon dioxide and other dirty substances.

Disruption of processes based on these two organs can hypnotize your breathing, which in the end can be the cause of shortness of breath.

Reviewed based on the onset and duration of shortness aggression, the cause of shortness of breath is divided into 2, namely acute & chronic.

Causes of Acute Shortness of Breath

Shortness of breath that comes and the duration is relatively short, namely the count of min, hours, until the day is called acute. The causes of acute shortness of breath include:

1. Asthma (Bronchospasm)

Bronchospasm is a word used to describe unusual narrowing of the airway. People who experience bronchospasm aggression may have mild to severe breathing difficulties, depending on the narrowing of the airway.

Extensive narrowing of the airway can cause shortness of breath to come around. Special symptoms that often accompany the presence of sounds wheezing breathing time.

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When the airway narrows during bronchospasm, you may experience a sensation of pain, pressure or tightness in the chest. People who experience sudden and severe chest pain should immediately seek medical care, because the symptoms of bronchospasm attacks such as this can be like with a sign of a heart attack.

2. Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Carbon monoxide poisoning occurs after inhaling too much carbon monoxide (CO). Symptoms of poisoning in acute or mild termin such as, dazed or restless, headache, feel like a global spin, &flu-like effects.

Greater exposure can result in central nervous system and cardiac toxicity, which can result in death. After acute poisoning, long-term problems can occur.

Carbon monoxide also has a negative impact on the condition of the baby to be born, if the mother is exposed during pregnancy. Chronic exposure to low carbon monoxide levels can result in depression and confusion.

three. Cardiac Tamponade (Excess Fluid Around the Heart)

Cardiac tamponade is a serious medical condition in which blood or fluid fills the space between the sacs that wrap around the heart and heart muscle. This condition creates extreme pressure in the heart organ.

This pressure makes the heart unable to function properly, as a result of which the heart is unable to pump enough blood to parts of your body. This can lead to organ failure, severe stress, or even death.

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Cardiac tamponade has the following signs:


Low blood pressure.

Chest pain radiating to the neck, shoulders, or back.

Difficulty breathing or taking a deep breath.

Breathing fast & tightness.

Fainting, dizziness, and loss of consciousness.

Get medical help immediately if you experience symptoms.

4. Hiatal Hernia

A hiatal hernia occurs when the abdomen works upwards through the diaphragm. The diaphragm generally has a mini hole (hiatus) that connects the esophagus and stomach. The stomach can stick out through this hole and cause a hiatal hernia.

In most cases, a small hiatal hernia doesn’t cause any problems, and you may never know you have the disease, unless you’re valid for a doctor.

Most mini hiatal hernias cause no signs or signs. However, a larger hiatal hernia can cause signs and symptoms such as:



Difficulty swallowing

Pain in the chest or stomach

Vomiting blood

5. Heart failure

Heart failure, often claimed to be congestive heart failure (CHF), occurs when the heart is unable to pump blood aporisma to meet the body’s needs. Signs that generally occur among others: shortness of breath, excessive fatigue, and swelling of the legs.

6. Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension)

Low blood pressure, also called hypotension is relatively low blood pressure so that blood flow to the organs of the body is inadequate. This condition can cause dizziness and fainting. In severe cases, low blood pressure can be life-threatening.

Causes of low blood pressure can range from loss of body fluids to serious medical disorders. It’s important to know what’s causing your blood pressure to be low so it can be treated.

Symptoms such as, dizziness to feel like hovering, fainting, blurred vision, nausea, fatigue &lack of concentration.

7. Pneumonia (Lung Infection)

Pneumonia is an infection in error one or two of the lungs. It can be caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Pneumonia causes inflammation of the air sacs of the lungs, or alveoli. Alveoli are filled with fluid or pus, making it difficult for sufferers to breathe.

Signs of pneumonia or wet lungs include:

Chest pain when breathing or coughing.

Confusion or changes in mental enlightenment (in adults aged 65 or older).

Cough, which is able to produce phlegm.


Fever, sweating and trembling chills.

Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea.

Shortness of breath.

Other causes of acute shortness of breath:

Severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis), which usually also result in itching, swelling, rashes, or other symptoms.

Blockages in the respiratory tract, which is able to occur without accidentally inhaling foreign objects, such as nuts, beads, etc.

Blood clot or blockage of an artery in the lungs (embolism).

Desperate lungs (pneumothorax).

Interruption of blood flow to the heart muscle, which may occur during cardiac aggression. If this is the cause of shortness of breath, there are often other symptoms, such as pain or pressure in the chest.

Pregnancy renews a woman’s blood circulation &respiratory system, even before the woman appears pregnant. It should be understood that shortness of breath is a normal change that occurs during pregnancy.

Causes of Chronic Shortness of Breath

In the case of shortness of breath that has lasted weeks or more (called chronic), the condition is most often caused by the:

1. Asthma

Asthma is a condition in which the respiratory tract narrows and swells and makes extra mucus. This can create difficulty breathing time and trigger coughing, shortness of breath. For some people, asthma is a mild disorder.

But for others, this can be a major problem that interferes with daily activities and can result in life-threatening asthma aggression.

Asthma cannot be cured, but symptoms can be controlled. Because asthma often changes over time, it is recommended that you always consult a doctor to track indications and symptoms in order to adjust the treatment in sync needs.

2. COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive pulmonary disease characterized by obstructed airflow based in the lungs, this condition occurs in the long term. The main symptoms include shortness of breath & cough using continuous production of sputum.

Smoking is the most common cause, and factors such as air pollution and genetics are other causes but at less risk.

3. Heart Dysfunction

Heart dysfunction, also known as congestive heart failure (CHF), occurs when the heart muscle doesn’t pump blood as it should throughout the body’ organs.

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