Liputan6.com, Jakarta The causes of shortness of breath can vary, ranging from lung cases to other health cases. As one of the complaints that are quite generic experienced by many people, shortness of breath can be mild or even to life-threatening. So, you need to find out the cause of this one complaint that happened to you.
Shortness of breath itself is a condition of when you have difficulty breathing or do not receive enough air intake. This certainly makes a person who experiences it feel uncomfortable, even this can cause other things to synchronize the cause.
The cause of shortness of breath is not only due to lung problems. Pertarunga in the heart, blood, digestion, to external factors such as exercise is too heavy, being at extreme temperatures and exclusive heights can also make a person experience shortness of breath.
Here Liputan6.com summarized according to various sources, Tuesday (17/11/2020) about the causes of shortness of breath. Causes of Shortness of Breath
Asthma is one of the most common causes of shortness of breath. Asthma will generally appear at the age of the child for the first time. This condition is caused by the inflamed airways / bronchi. Inflammation will make the bronchi swell, narrow, and produce a lot of mucus. The breath will be as jerky, faster, shallower, accompanied by a ‘ngik-ngik’ sound. Asthma can appear due to cold air, exercise, dust, fur, smoke, and much more.
Colds are not infrequently believed to be trivial, even though this disease can be a cause of shortness of breath that should be watched out for. The nose that fights bacteria will secrete poly snot. Snot is what will later create a blocked respiratory system and make a person short of breath. The condition will get worse if the child has fever, sneezing, throat pain, &limp body. Worse if the child to experience sinusitis.
Allergies are generally triggered by the nose inhaling dust, star feathers, and pollen. On this condition the body will make antibodies called histamine. Histamine will act against substances that are considered dangerous. However, unfortunately histamine often overreacts to it. The action of histamine is then the cause of shortness of breath, runny nose / congestion, watery eyes, itching, and sneezing. This condition must be wary. Causes of Shortness of Breath Credit Anemia: pexels.com/AndreaPiacquadio
Many people think anemia is only related to using blood. When in fact, anemia can also be a cause of shortness of breath in adults. When suffering from anemia, the body does not receive enough oxygen-rich blood. This can cause a person to feel tired or weak. Not only shortness of breath, the sufferer can get dizzy, headache, and heart rate is not regular. For that meeting the needs of iron is very crucial to do.
Heart problems such as heart failure are often associated with older people. In fact, the reality is that today there are also young adults who experience heart failure due to irregular heart rhythms, heart attacks and uncontrolled high blood pressure. On the condition of heart failure, shortness of breath occurs in rest time is also active and accompanied by the use of deep swelling to 2 feet.
Not only heart and lung problems, the cause of shortness of breath is also related to digestion. The most common disorder is GERD. GERD occurs when acid leaks based on the stomach &back into the esophagus. Stomach acid that propagates into the esophagus can enter the lungs, especially during sleep, and cause swelling of the airways. This can cause a shortness of breath reaction or result in aspiration pneumonia. Causes of Shortness of BreathObesity (Source Pixabay)
Obesity is a condition when a person has hyperbole weight. Obesity can also be a cause of shortness of breath that is not infrequently believed to be trivial. His unbalanced weight will make the breath easily gasp. It is closely related to the accumulation of fat in the abdomen &chest. In the end, this buildup will be an obstacle to the work of the airway muscles. If the muscles are disturbed then the lungs will work harder and the heart is heavy to pump blood.
Pulmonary embolism is a blockage in the pulmonary artery. This embolism will supply blood to the lungs. No poly knows that pulmonary embolism is a type of cardiovascular disease. There are blood clots that prevent oxygen from reaching lung tissue. Pulmonary embolism is one of the causes of shortness of breath that should be watched out for. Pulmonary embolism will result in symptoms of sharp chest pain, dizziness, heart palpitations, and coughing.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is thought to be with chronic lung inflammation. This condition is able as a cause of shortness of breath, precisely when the genre of air is blocked from the lungs. Generic symptoms experienced is shortness of breath during the long term (chronic). Other symptoms also include coughing, mucus production (sputum) & wheezing. COPD can be triggered by a picture of gases or particulate particles or long-term cigarettes. Causes of Shortness of Breath
Pneumonia can be the cause of shortness of breath related to using lung cases. The popular term is wet lungs. This disease is generally caused by bacterial, fungal, viral, or parasitic infections. Until this infection will create inflammation in the air sacs of the lungs. In this condition, the lungs of the sufferer will swell and filled with fluid. Worse, sufferers can be up to lack of oxygen in their blood.
Bronchiolitis occurs due to infection, which results in some sufferers being able to experience inflammation and blockage. This condition will occur in the mini respiratory tract such as bronchioles. Bronchiolitis is prone to occur in children and infants. Symptoms are monotonous dry cough, stuffy nose, and fever. In severe conditions the symptoms will be accompanied by lethargy. Then the child’s skin becomes blue/ cyanosis, wheezing, and shallow breathing.
Kidney failure not only appears to show a decrease in the amount of urine, but can also be accompanied by complaints of shortness of breath. This happens because there is a buildup of fluid in the body, especially in the lungs that can not be spewed by the kidney organs. Causes of Shortness of Breath
Choking can be one of the causes of shortness of breath, especially in children. Choking will create culinary or drinks into the child’s respiratory tract. If the child’s shortness of breath condition is still difficult to recognize, pay attention when the child coughs without symptoms of coughing before. It’s best to approach the child immediately and ask about his situation.
Hypotension can cause serious heart problems and organ failure. This is because oxygen &nutrients may not reach key organs. Many people with low blood pressure have no signs. However, severe hypotension can result in shortness of breath, dizziness, fatigue, irregular heartbeat, and pale skin.
Hiatal hernia can be one of the causes of shortness of breath. This condition occurs when the upper part of the abdomen protrudes through a large muscle separating the abdomen and chest (diaphragm). This diaphragm has a small gap (hiatus). In a hiatal hernia, the abdomen pushes upward through that gap and into the chest. Most mini hiatal hernias do not cause signs or symptoms. But larger hiatal hernias can result in shortness of breath, heartburn, chest pain, stomach, difficulty swallowing, and vomiting blood. How to Overcome Shortness of BreathIlustrasi Shortness of Breath. Credit: unsplash.com/Karla
How to overcome shortness of breath certainly can not be arbitrary. You need to adjust the handling using the cause. Here are some ways to overcome shortness of breath based on the cause:
Shortness of breath due to asthma or allergies. How to treat shortness of breath due to asthma or allergies is to use avoiding trigger elements, such as dust, cigarette smoke, air pollution, pet fur, or pollen. Always keep the house clean so that it is free according to dust, fleas, or mites.
Taking drugs, such as decongestants &antihistamines, can also be done to deal with shortness of breath due to allergies. Both of these drugs are able to facilitate the process of breathing air. If your allergy is severe, you will likely be given inhaled corticosteroid medications. This inhaled medicine can also be given to people with sinusitis. Asthmatics can also be treated with medicines inhaled or taken. The goal is to help relieve or prevent airway disruption and hyperbole mucus production.
– Shortness of breath due to obesity. By losing weight to a healthy level, breathing can be more relieved.